False Friends

The first column gives the ‘false friend’ in Esperanto, the second shows true equivalent(s) in English.

The third column gives the ‘false friend’ in English, the fourth offers true Esperanto partner(s).

adulto

adultery

adult

plenkreskulo, adolto

afekti

put on airs, feign

affect

influi, tuŝi, emocii

agonio

death throes

agony

dolorego, angoro

aĵura

perforated, holed (cloth, material)

azure

lazura

akso

axle; axis

axe

hakilo; toporo; adzo; pioĉo

akselo

armpit; axil (of plant)

axle

akso

aktuala

present-day, topical

actual

efektiva

akurata

punctual, prompt

accurate

preciza; ekzakta

alo

side part, wing of

ale

elo, hela biero

ambro

ambergris, grey amber

amber

sukceno

apliki

use (technique)

apply (for job)

peti, sin proponi

apologio

formal defence or justification

apology

pardonpeto

argumento

reasoned debating point

argument, disagreement

disputo

aso

ace, one spot

ass

azeno; postaĵo; stultulo

atendi

wait for, expect

attend

ĉeesti; prizorgi

aŭditoro

high legal official (certain countries)

auditor (accounts)

(kont)revizoro

averti

warn, admonish

avert

eviti, forturni

balo

dance, ball

ball

pilko; bulo

balanci

rock to and fro, swing up and down

balance

ekvilibri; ekvilibrigi; stabiligi; bilanci

baleno

whale

baleen, whalebone

barto

bano

bathe, bathing

ban

malpermeso; ekskludo; interdikto

barko

barque, sailing boat

bark

bojo; ŝelo

bedo

bed (for flowers, vegetables)

bed (for sleeping)

lito

bendo

long narrow strip of material

bend

kurbo; kurbiĝo

blanka

white

blank

senenhava

braso

guy rope, brace

brass

latuno

brovo

eyebrow

brow, forehead

frunto

budo

stall, stand

bud

burĝono

buklo

curl, ringlet

buckle

buko

bulo

roundish lump, clod

bull

bovo; buleo (papal)

bulbo

base of plant

bulb (electric)

ampolo

bulko

bread roll

bulk

amplekso, maso

celo

target; goal

cell

ĉelo

damo

lady; queen card

dam

digo, baraĵo

debito

ready sale

debit

debeto

defili

march pass

defile

makuli, malpurigi

demandi

ask question

demand

postuli

demonstr(aci)i

prove, show

demonstrate (mass protest)

manifestacii

devizo

motto; foreign exchange

device

aparato, rimedo

difekti

damage

defect (to)

neperfektaĵo; transiri al

digi

dam, dike

dig

fosi

dogo

mastiff

dog

hundo

domo

house, building

dome

kupolo

doto

dowry

dot

punkto

dragi

dredge

drag

treni

dresi

train

dress (clothe)

vesti, vesti sin

drinki

booze heavily

drink

trinki

drivi

drift

drive

peli; konduki

dungo

hiring, employment

dung

fekaĵo, sterko

efektiva

actual, real

effective

efika

eventuala

contingent, possible

eventual

fina, rezulta

fabriko

factory

fabric

ŝtofo, teksaĵo

fago

beech

fag

peno; stumpo

farmo

contract to cultivate land

farm

(farm)bieno

farti

fare, be in a state of health

fart

furzi

fatala

unlucky, ill-starred

fatal

mortiga

feno

hot dry wind (e.g. in Alps)

fen

marĉejo

flako

puddle

flake

floko

flano

thin round bake, dropscone

flan

torto

floro

flower

floor

planko

floso

raft

floss

lanugo

foldo

groove, slot

fold

faldo

foresto

absence

forest

arbar(eg)o

forto

force

fort

fuorto

fosilo

digging tool, spade

fossil

fosilio

frazo

sentence (grammatical)

phrase

frazero, vortgrupo

fuko

bladder-wrack seaweed

fuck (vulgar)

fiko (triviala)

fumo

smoke

fume

haladzo

fundo

bottom

fund

fonduso

furo

ferret

fur

pelto; felo

gamo

musical scale

game

ludo

garbo

sheaf (e.g. of corn)

garb

vestoj

gento

ethnic group

gent

ĝentilhomo, sinjoro

geja

homosexual

gay, jolly

gaja

gimnazio

grammar school

gymnasium

gimnastikejo

gipso

builder’s plaster

gypsy

cigano

glaso

tumbler, (drink) glass

glass

vitro

grafo

count, earl

graph

grafikaĵo

granda

big, large

grand

luksa, grandioza

graso

fat, grease

grass

herbo, greso

grati

scratch

grate

raspi; grinci

gratikifi

tip, give gratuity

gratify

kontentigi

grilo

cricket (insect)

grill

krado

gripo

influenza

grip

firmteno; valizo

groso

gooseberry

gross (144)

groco

gulo

wolverine

gull

mevo

gurdo

barrel organ

gourd

kalabaso

gusto

taste

gusto

vervo, elano

guto

drop (e.g. of water)

gut

intesto; kuraĝo

ĝemo

groan

gem

gemo

ĝentila

polite

gentle

milda

ĝusta

correct, right

just (fair)

justa

hajli

rain hailstones

hail

saluti, alvoki

hisi

hoist, run up (e.g. sail)

hiss

sibli

homo

human being

home

hejmo

honti

be ashamed

haunt

hanti

hubo

croft, hide of land

hub

nabo

hulo

swell (e.g. of sea)

hull (of boat)

kareno

humana

humane

human

homa

imago

imagination

image

figuro, bildo

impozi

impose, print

impose

trudi

instanco

competent authority

instance

ekzemplo; okazo

interferi

act reciprocally (light waves)

interfere

entrudiĝi, sin trudi

kanapo

sofa

canopy

baldakeno

kapo

head

cap

ĉapo

karavano

travel party

caravan (trailer)

ruldomo

kardo

thistle

card

karto

kastoro

beaver

castor, caster

rulilo (furniture wheel)

kavo

cavity

cave

kaverno

kelo

cellar

cell

ĉelo; karcero; pilo (battery)

klapo

valve

clap

aplaŭdo, manfrapo

klinko

latch ( e.g. of door)

clink

tinto

koakso

coke

coaxial

samaksa

kojlo

large intestine, colon

coil

spiralo

kojno

wedge

coin

monero

kokso

hip

cox, helmsman

stiristo (boata)

kolono

column, pillar

colon

dupunkto; kojlo

konkuri

compete

concur

konsenti, samopinii

kontoro

office (e.g. of factory )

counter

giĉeto, vendotablo

kontroli

check, verify

control

regi

konvena

suitable

convenient

oportuna

kordo

string (of musical instrument)

cord

ŝnuro

korno

horn

corn

greno; kalo (callus)

koto

mud

cot

liteto

kranko

starting handle, crank handle

crank

strangulo; plendemulo

kredebla

likely, plausible

credible

kredinda

krispo

ruffle, frill

crisp (potato)

terpomfloko

kropo

crop ( of bird)

crop, harvest

rikolto

kurioza

exciting interest,  out of the usual

curious, inquisitive

scivol(em)a

kurta

short

curt

abrupta

lado

sheet metal

lad

junulo

lafo

lava

laugh

rido

lako

varnish, lacquer

lake

lago

laksa

diarrhoeal

lax

malstrikta, mola

lano

wool

lane

vojeto; koridoro (traffic)

lapo

burdock

lap

rondiro (of race); sino (of body)

lardo

bacon

lard

porkograso

lento

lentil

Lent

Karesmo

libelo

dragonfly

libel

kalumnio

liceo

secondary school

lice

pedikoj

liki

leak

like

plaĉi, ŝati; simila

linko

linx

link

ligo, ligilo; ĉenero

luko

skylight, porthole

luck

ŝanco, sorto; hazardo

lokusto

grasshopper

locust

akrido

magazeno

large shop, store

magazine

gazeto

mano

hand

man

viro

marmelado

jam (incl. marmadale), preserves

marmalade

oranĝa marmelado

medicino

medical science

medicine

medikamento

mendi

order goods

mend

ripari

merkato

market, demand & supply

market (place)

vendejo, bazaro

meso

Mass

mess

malordo, konfuzo

milo

thousand

mile

mejlo

miro

wonder

mire

koto; marĉo

moleo

breakwater

mole

talpo (animal); lentugo (spot)

mosko

musk

mosque

moskeo

mosto

must (of wine)

most

plimulto, plejparto

motivi

provide reason for (action)

motivate (person)

instigi

muko

mucus

muck

koto; sterko

musko

moss (class of plants)

musk (odour)

mosko

neto

fair copy, clean copy

net

reto

novelo

short story, novella

novel

romano

nuno

present time

nun

monakino

oferi

sacrifice, offer up

offer

proponi; oferti (bid, tender)

pajlo

straw

pile

amaso

palmo

palm tree

palm (of hand)

manplato, polmo

pano

bread

pan

pato (frying)

papo

pope

pap

kaĉo (mush); cico (nipple)

parcelo

plot of land, allotment

parcel

pako, pakaĵo

parenco

relative, family relation

parents

gepatroj

pastelo

pastille (sweet or pill)

pastel (crayon)

paŝtelo

paŭsi

trace (copy drawing)

pause

paŭzi, heziti

pego

woodpecker

peg

kejlo; stifto (metal pin)

peki

sin

peck

beki

peno

effort, endeavour

pen

enfermejo; plumo

pensiono

boarding house / school

pension

pensio (in retirement)

perko

perch (fish)

perk

kromprofito, kromprivilegio

pesto

deadly epidemic disease

pest (nuisance)

trudbesto; ĝenulo

peti

request, ask for

pet

dorloti (pamper); karesi

petrolo

mineral oil, petroleum

petrol, gasoline

benzino

piĉo

female genitalia

pitch

peĉo; asfalto; sonalto; ĵeto

pigo

magpie

pig

porko; ferbriko

piki

prick, sting

pick

elekti; pluki (flower); kolekti

pilo

battery cell

pile

amaso; vilo (carpet);piliero

pimpa

smart, spruce

pimp

prostitui

planko

floor

plank

tabulo

plastiko

moulding

plasto

plastic (material)

plastro

dressing (for wound)

plaster (for wall)

gipso

pleto

tray

plate

telero; plado (dish, course)

ploto

roach (fish)

plot

komploto; intrigo (story)

plumba

lead, made of lead

plumb

vertikala

poĉi

poach (an egg)

poach

ŝtelĉasi

popo

priest (orthodox)

pop

eksplodeto, krevo, knalo

pramo

ferry boat

pram

infanveturilo

presi

print

press

premi

provi

try, test

prove

pruvi

pruno

plum

prune

sekpruno

pubo

pubes

pub

trinkejo, taverno

pulo

flea

pull

tiro

puno

punishment

pun

vortludo

punto

lace

punt

prameto, stangboato

pupo

doll

pup

hundido; ido

rajpi

seize up (of engines)

ripen

maturiĝi, maturigi

raketo

rocket

racket

rakedo; bruego

ravi

delight,  enthrall

rave

deliri; furiozi (of storm)

redakcio

editorial department

redaction

redaktado, redaktaĵo

referi

make scientific report

refer

aludi; resendi; referenci

reflektoro

headlight (e.g. of car)

reflector

reflektilo

reko

horizontal bars (in gym)

wreck

vrako (e.g. ship, plane)

rento

(unearned) income

rent

luprezo, lupago

resti

remain

rest

ripozi

ribo

currant (black, red)

rib

ripo

ridi

laugh

rid

liberigi

rigli

bolt

wriggle

tordiĝi

rimarki

notice, observe

remark

diri, komenti

rimedo

resource, means

remedy

kuracilo; plibonigi

rompi

break

romp

kaprioli, petoli

roso

dew

rose

rozo

rostro

trunk of elephant

rostrum

tribuno

rui

ret, steep (e.g. flax)

rue (regret)

bedaŭri

ruto

rue (shrubby plant)

root (of plant)

radiko

sago

arrow

sage

saĝulo; salvio

sapo

soap

sap

suko

seli

saddle

sell

vendi

servico

set of crockery

service

servado, priservado

simpatia

likeable, congenial

sympathetic

kompatema

sino

lap, bosom

sin

peko

sito

nuthatch

site

loko; situo

sojlo

threshold; sill

soil

grundo; malpurigi

sorto

fate, destiny, lot

sort

speco; specigi, klasifiki

spado

rapier

spade

fosilo; piko (card)

spiti

defy

spit (saliva etc)

kraĉi

stablo

workbench, easel

stable, animal shed

stalo

standardo

official flag, ensign

standard

normo; nivelo; grado

stufi

stew

stuff

farĉi (turkey); ŝtopi (hole)

taksi

estimate, value

tax

imposti

tento

temptation

tent

tendo

tino

tub

tin

stano; (lad)skatolo

tolo

woven sheeting (linen, cotton etc)

toll

imposto, pago; mortsumo

triviala

vulgar

trivial

bagatela

vato

cotton wool

vat

kuvo

vico

row; turn

vice

malvirto

vila

hairy

vile

abomena, fia

vulgara

common, everyday

vulgar

triviala

vulpa

fox

wolf

lupo