See right-side panel for the first announcement on its replacement

The cancellation of this year’s Universal Congress was announced on April 26, but long before that UEA began planning an online congress, says Vice President Fernando Maia in an interview with Libera Folio.  The cancellation is financially unfavorable to UEA, but on the other hand the association has received a pandemic subsidy from the Dutch state.


For the second time in a row, the Universal Congress of Esperanto has had to be cancelled due to the ongoing coronary pandemic.  Next year’s World Congress is already set to take place in Montreal in 2022 .  This year’s International Youth Congress due to take place in Ukraine has also been cancelled .

The Montreal Congress was originally scheduled to take place in summer 2020.  It was replaced by Esperanto’s first international Virtual Congress held during the first week of August 2020.  In addition, there was a wide range of online events under the collective name Monda Fest ‘ from June 2020 to  September 2020.

This year the programme will be more traditional, even if only online.  In place of the planned Youth Congress there will be online events, and in place of the 106th Universal Congress in Belfast (see its poster on the left side panel!) there will be Esperanto’s 2nd Virtual Congress online.

Esperanto holds its annual world
congress on line
for the second time.

Thank You, Covid

. . . . and a footnote to the panels

The Universal Esperanto Association, which organises the World Esperanto Congress each year, chose Belfast as the host city for 2021.

Members of both the Esperanto Association of Ireland and the Esperanto Association of Britain were to play their part together in helping to make the congress a success.


But as is detailed elsewhere on this page Covid had other ideas!

The Esperanto world is responding by going on line.  Details will follow soon.
Come and join in the fun.


Esperanto is a supra-national language, designed to be easy to learn and use.  It belongs to no single country, so no national language or group of countries gain any political, commercial or cultural advantage from its use.

The Esperanto Association of Ireland was founded in Dublin in 1905.  It represents speakers in the whole of island and promotes the study and wider use of the language.  It publishes currently a bi-monthly bulletin.

It is used by at least a million people but they are spread thinly across a hundred countries.  Despite two separate recommendations by UNESCO only Hungary teaches it officially in schools. The bigger languages oppose this.

The current EU constitution promotes only languages belonging to member countries.  It will need a special decision by EU institutions to allow any trial of Esperanto and that will require member countries to agree first.

Learning any language requires study, time and practice.  However Esperanto has no irregular verbs, nouns, spelling or anything else.  It builds words in a logically consistent intuitive way, yet is expressive and sonorous.

The internet has vastly extended the Esperanto world.  Wikipedia provides facts, Youtube music, blogs and talks, Duolingo and Lernu! free interactive courses, Google Translate does quite well and Amikumu helps find your nearest speakers.  This site has courses too.

How Esperanto works

Keep in mind that Esperanto is intended for world-wide use.  It is a second language for everyone, simply constructed but with unlimited possibilities.  It’s not a rival or replacement for any current languages, but a promoter of their survival.

Vocabulary . . .    English speakers will recognise a lot of Esperanto vocabulary, especially when written down.  They will recognise even more if they studied a language like French or Spanish.  They will recognise nearly everything in a dictionary if they also studied some German.

But . . .

Esperanto is designed as a global language.  It has to work for more than just speakers of English, French, Spanish or German.  Everyone needs to feel Esperanto is their language.

So . . .

Esperanto users build up their words from small unmodifiable ‘bits’, just like with Lego.  In Europe, for example, Hungarians speakers do something similar (though they modify their ‘bits’ at times).  Esperanto is put together more like Turkish or Chinese where ‘bits’ are not modified.  The freedom Esperanto users have to build up words is a key factor in giving them a ‘sense of personal ownership’ of the language.  On the other hand users need to gain some expertise in this matter, as their home languages may not encourage such freedom and users may not be able to find in dictionaries all the words they‘ll meet!

Don’t worry . . .

Most Esperanto speakers think only about the vocabulary side.  They usually just take Esperanto’s word-building as a refreshing challenge, indeed as unexpected fun compared to English or French.  And they certainly don’t need to know anything about how Hungarian, Turkish or Chinese works.  With respect, that’s for Hungarians, Turks, Chinese and students of these languages.

And the fun . . .   English cannot move from ‘dine’ to ‘dinner’ without adding an extra ‘n’ and changing how it pronounces the ‘i’.   Unlike moving from ‘mine’ to ‘miner’ for example.  English users cannot use the model of ‘I whitened my shoes last night’ to create the sentence ‘I will blue-en my boots tomorrow night’.   Esperanto users can do just that!   Esperanto encourages playing with its ‘bits’, having fun with them.  If the rules are followed, Esperanto will not let players down.  And you will be understood.  Maybe you’ll even earn a smile.  And it’s also just as important to avoid embarrassment.  Esperanto avoids idioms almost entirely.  In this respect Esperanto is quite unlike English or French or modern Greek for that matter.  So if you say in Esperanto that someone ‘has dug his own grave‘, you would mean just that.  In a transnational context such ‘a spade is a spade’ plainness is important for unambiguous communication.  And that is Esperanto’s purpose.  Of course, people have created excellent poetry as well.

Following the rule of one?

There’s just one way to pronounce each letter, only one place to put the stress accent in a multi-syllable word, only one way each for making nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs. The one single letter / sound makes a plural.  There’s one word for saying ‘you’, etc.  Traditionally there are just sixteen rules.  However in practice Esperanto speakers over the years have explored ever more fully the implications of these rules.  Esperanto develops just like any other living language.  Yet since earliest days there has been the one influential authority to advise on best practice.

Creativity . . .

Esperanto is a recognised member of PEN International and has in its short life already produced two outstanding poets.  Top novelists take longer.

Esperanto has a group of 45 inter-related words, called correlatives.  Often these give newcomers some bother, as no other language has such a complete system, logically constructed.  However one can admire such a system without rapidly acquiring mastery of it.